Nitarudi Africa Safaris
Nitarudi Africa Safaris
Nitarudi Africa Safaris
Nitarudi Africa Safaris

About Tanzania

Where is Tanzania?

Tanzania is located in eastern Africa against the Indian Ocean bordering with Kenya and Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi DR Congo, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania has plains along the coast leading to a central plateau with highlands in the north and south, the highest mountain in Africa - Mount Kilimanjaro, and bordered by Lake Tanganyika the largest and deepest lakes in the world. Tanzania economy is based on agriculture supplemented with the growing mining, petroleum and tourism sectors.

Capital City: Dodoma (moved from Dar es Salaam in 1973)
Time Zone: UTC +3
Population: 37,187,939 (July 2002 est.)
Electricity: 230V
Languages: Swahili, English and local languages
Calling code: +255 (077 from Kenya & Uganda)
Currency: Tanzanian Shillings
Area: 945,087 km2

The Climate in Tanzania

Climate: Tanzania has a climate that varies from tropical along the coast to temperate in the highlands. March to May and October to December are hotter rainy seasons, while June to October is cooler and drier and January to February to hotter and drier.
Local Culture: Locals are friendly and greet each other with a handshake. Dress more on the conservative side, particularly on Zanzibar where more traditional Muslim beliefs are prevalent and public displays of affection are considered a no-no. Covering arms to the elbow and legs is appropriate.

Food in Tanzania

Food: Tanzanian food is simple & delicious with nyama choma, barbequed goat or meat, and seafood popular along the coast, with dishes of stewed meats cooked with tomatoes and onions popular, snacks include roasted corn on the cob.


Tipping: Tipping has not been standardized, although tourist-focused businesses will expect a 10% gratuity for good service.


Visas: A valid passport and visa are required for entry. Visitors from certain countries, though, are exempt from visas. Check with the Tanzania mission in your country before you travel for advice on the exact visa requirements for citizens of your country. We recommend obtaining a visa before arrival, although visas are available at points of entry and exit.

Flights and Transport in Tanzania

Flights and Transport: Direct flights are only available from three cities in Europe – London on British
Airways, Zurich on Swiss International airlines and Amsterdam on KLM. These cities are well connected with the rest of the world and hence offer connections worldwide. Emirates Airlines, Qatar Airways and Qatar Airlines are the major link to the East through Dubai, Istanbul and Doha. Julius Nyerere International Airport also has direct connections to Entebbe, Nairobi, Addis Ababa, Johannesburg, Kilimanjaro, Malawi, Mozambique and Zimbabwe amongst many other African cities.
Charter flights can be arranged on request to all national parks. All East African cities and towns are well connected by road.

Buses run from Dar es Salaam to Nairobi (Kenya), Kampala (Uganda),  Kigali (Rwanda), Bujumbura (Burundi) and Arusha/other towns in Tanzania. The recommended ones include Tahmeed buses, Royal Coach, Dar express, Sumry. We also organize road transport in 4-wheel drive vehicles to national parks and other places of interest. Surface roads link the capital city to the major towns/cities of Arusha, Dodoma, Iringa, Mbeya, Songea, Kigoma, Dar es Salaam from where well maintained roads lead to the game reserves and national parks.

There is a regular inland ferry connecting on Lake Victoria. Train service is by the Tanzania – Zambia (TAZARA) train service which operates twice a week, reliable domestic railroad links major cities like Kigoma, Mwanza, Dodoma, Tabora and Dar es Salaam

Health and Vaccinations

Health and Vaccinations: The yellow-fever vaccination is recommended as a precaution because the disease is endemic. Get expert advice on the other vaccinations that you might have to considered before you travel like typhoid, hepatitis A and B, meningitis, and tetanus.
Foreign Exchange: Currencies and traveler’s checks can be exchanged in the biggest cities at banks and exchange bureaus. There are ATM machines that allow you to withdraw cash from your VISA card and MasterCard accounts. Credit cards are accepted only at major lodges, hotels, and travel agents.

When to Visit

When to Visit: The peak of the tourist season is from January to February when the weather is drier, although June to October is cooler and dry, and can be great for traveling the country. Starting in April, watch for the millions of migrating wildebeests across the Serengeti.

Accomodation - Where to stay?

Where to stay: Tanzania has luxurious hotels and beach resorts, used mostly by business travelers and up market tourists. There is also plenty of budget accommodation.


Destinations: Visit the coastal area with beautiful beaches stunning white sand, palm trees and cool Indian ocean water, Zanzibar (coastal island in the Indian ocean), Mafia Island Marine park, scuba dive and Kayak around Pemba and Zanzibar, climb Mount. Kilimanjaro – the world’s highest free standing mountain, visit the national parks like Serengeti, Ngorogoro, Manyara, Tarangire, Selous, Mikumi and Ruaha.

Moving about

Street Smarts: Tanzania is a safe place to visit, as precaution visitors are advised to pay attention to their surroundings, luggage and wallets. Keep a low profile and avoid walking on the streets alone at night.


Telecommunications: Public Pay phones are available in major towns/ cities, with mobile phone coverage countrywide. Internet cafes operate in most urban areas. Emails can be sent from most hotels, as can faxes and te


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