Nitarudi Afrika Safaris
Nitarudi Afrika Safaris
Nitarudi Afrika Safaris
Nitarudi Afrika Safaris
Vessel Africa Safaris
Vessel Africa Safaris
Vessel Africa Safaris
Vessel Africa Safaris

About Kenya


Where is Kenya?

Kenya is located in East Africa and is made of rolling plains rising to central highlands tipped with mountains and split by the Great Rift Valley with a fertile plateau in the west and with a 536 km coastline against the Indian Ocean. Kenya boarders with Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia, Uganda and Tanzania. Kenya is named after Mount Kenya (Kirinyaga – the Mountain of Whiteness) It is said to be the Cradle of Humanity. The main rivers are the Athi/Galana and the Tana. The major lakes are Lake Victoria, Turkana, Baringo, Naivasha, Magadi, Jipe, Bogoria, Nakuru and Elementeita. The Capital City Nairobi (Nyrobi meaning ‘the place of cool waters’ in Maa) is 1,700m above sea level the highest city in east Africa and is known for its green parks and colonial architecture.

Time Zone: UTC+3, 12 hours of daylight, Sunrise is typically at 06:30 and sunset at 18.45.
Population: approximately 37,953,840
Electricity: 220 – 240 volts AC, with standard 13-amp three square-pin plugs.
Currency: Kenya Shillings (KES)
Languages: English is the official and Kiswahili, over 72 Indigenous Languages
Calling code: +254
Area: Total 582,650km2, land 569,250km2, water 13,400km2

Climate, weather and Nature in Kenya

Climate: Kenya has a varied tropical climate, from hot and humid along the coast, temperate inland and very dry in the north and north east. Across the country the average daytime temperature range is 27 – 31 degrees centigrade while in Nairobi daytime temperature is 21 – 26 degrees centigrade, temperatures elsewhere climate depends on altitude. The rains run from April to June, with a secondary rainy season from October to December. The hottest period is from February to March and coldest in July to August.

Top - Best Tourist attraction in Kenya

Natural Attraction: The annual animal migration – especially the wildebeest migration occurs between June to September with millions of animals taking part, making it a popular event for animal lovers and film makers.

Culture and People lifestyle in Kenya

Local Culture: Casual dress is accepted everywhere and bring sweets if invited into a local home. Shaking hands is the norm, but try to avoid discussing politics. Tribal life is very comfortable, and the Masai are known for being welcoming; admiring the herds of cattle or goats will certainly win their favor.

Food - What to on Kenya tour?

Food: Traditional Kenyan cooking is simple but filling, and includes nyama choma, barbecued goat, and other meats or fish with beans and sauces. Washing down a meal with a beer is common practice. International Cuisine is available in most hotels and restaurants. Fast food chains like Steers, Nandos are common in most urban areas.

Tipping; Kenya tourism

Tipping: Tipping is appreciated, most hotels and restaurants include a 0% service charge, check your bill and add up to an additional 5% for excellent service if it has, and 5% to 10% if it has not. Add a few dollars a day for guides and drivers when on safari.

Kenya Visa

Visa and health certificate: A valid passport, not expiring for at least six months, is required for entry into Kenya. A valid entry visa is also required and may be obtained in advance from the Kenyan Embassy or High Commission in your country of origin, or upon arrival in Kenya. A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required ONLY if you are from an infected area.

Flights and Airports - Transport in Kenya

Flights and Transport: Numerous international carriers serve Kenya, Kenya has 3 international airports. Internal flights (both scheduled and charter) operate from Nairobi’s Wilson Airport, Mombasa and Malinda to the main towns and national parks. Minivans and buses are the primary mode of transport with Taxi available outside the main hotels, shopping arcades, and central city/town points. There is a single –track railway from Mombasa to Kisumu (via Nairobi). Water transport is on Lake Victoria and the Coastal areas of Mombasa- Zanzibar cruises.

Health and Immunization

Health and Immunization: Protect yourself as much as possible from mosquitoes by wearing long sleeves/trousers and using mosquito repellant, since mosquitoes carry malaria, dengue and yellow fever. Get expert advice on malaria preventives as Malaria prophylactics can be highly effective.

Currency and Exchange in Kenya

Currency Exchange: Foreign currency can be changed at banks, forex bureaus, hotels and airports. The Kenya Currency is the Kenya Shillings. Credit cards are widely accepted, and although currencies and traveler’s checks can be exchanged in the local banks, you will find commission-free rates at the exchange bureaus in the larger cities.

When to visit - tour kenya

When to Visit: Kenya has two main tourist seasons, from January to February, and June to September, both coinciding with the drier conditions throughout the country and higher rates for flights and hotels. October will give you lower rates but avoids the thick of the rainy season, and is also the best time to catch the annual migration of the wildebeests heading south, and you can also help celebrate Kenyatta Day on October 20th.

Tourist accomodation in Kenya - Hotels Safari lodges

Where to Stay: Kenya’s tourist infrastructure is well established and hospitable; the range of accommodation is comprehensive from backpackers to five star hotels.

Shopping in Kenya - where to buy

Shopping: Kenya has a variety of handicrafts from the different tribes or regions, like the Kisii stone (soap stone) carvings, Maasai jewelry, Mkonde wood carvings, Lamu chairs and batiks. Find a wide selection of handicrafts at the Maasai Market. There numerous supermarket chains in the big towns/cities  like Uchumi & Nakumatt with a variety of items to choose from.

The economy of kenya

Economy: Kenya’s economy is based on agriculture and tourism. Agriculture employs 80% of the population, contributes 20% to GDP and accounts for 50% of export earnings. Tourism is the largest source of income. The industrial base contributes around 18% of GDP.

Telecommunications - kenya

Telecommunication: Public Pay phones are available in major towns/ cities, with mobile phone coverage countrywide. Internet cafes operate in most urban areas. Emails can be sent from most hotels, as can faxes and telexes.

Tourist destinations - Top in kenya

Destinations: National Parks - Aberdare, Amboseli, Lake Nakuru, Masai Mara, Mount Kenya, Nairobi, Tsavo, Meru, Mount Elgon, the marine parks & beautiful beaches at the coast.

Nature Wildlife Photography - kenya safari

Photography: It is considered courteous to ask people if you may take their picture before doing so, especially in far-flung rural areas. A small (token) payment for the photograph may be expected or a polite appreciation than anything else.

Do's and Don'ts - Kenya tour

Do's and Don'ts: It is an offence to:- smoke in public place, deface a Kenyan banknote, buy or take drugs and remove wildlife products or products with elephant, rhino or sea turtle derivatives. Swearing and blasphemy are inadvisable. 


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